Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers among men worldwide. As a complex disease, its management requires a multidisciplinary approach involving various healthcare professionals. Urologists play a crucial role in the comprehensive management of prostate cancer, from diagnosis to treatment and long-term follow-up. In this article, we will explore the vital role urology doctor in Dubai plays in managing prostate cancer and the comprehensive approach they adopt to ensure patient outcomes.
Diagnosis and staging:
Urologists are often the first healthcare professionals to evaluate patients with suspected prostate cancer. They perform a thorough physical examination, including a digital rectal exam (DRE), and may order additional tests such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test and prostate biopsy. Urologists work closely with pathologists to analyze biopsy samples and determine the grade and stage of prostate cancer. Accurate diagnosis and staging are crucial in guiding treatment decisions.
Urologists collaborate with other specialists, such as radiation oncologists and medical oncologists, to develop a personalized treatment plan for each patient. Treatment options for prostate cancer may include surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and active surveillance. Urologists provide expert guidance on each treatment option’s advantages, risks, and potential side effects, helping patients make informed decisions based on their specific circumstances.
Urologists are skilled in performing surgical procedures for prostate cancer treatment. Radical prostatectomy, the surgical removal of the prostate gland, is a common treatment option for localized prostate cancer. Urologists employ various surgical techniques, including open, laparoscopic, and robotic-assisted surgery, to remove the prostate gland while preserving urinary and sexual function as much as possible. If necessary, urologists also perform lymph node dissection to assess the spread of cancer.
Postoperative care and follow-up:
Urologists provide comprehensive postoperative care to monitor patients’ recovery after prostate cancer surgery. They closely follow up with patients to assess urinary continence, sexual function, and overall well-being. Urologists may recommend additional treatments, such as pelvic floor exercises or referral to specialists in sexual health, to help patients regain optimal function and quality of life.
Surveillance and monitoring:
Urologists play a key role in regular monitoring and surveillance for patients undergoing active surveillance or those at high risk of disease recurrence. They perform periodic PSA tests, imaging studies, and biopsies to track disease progression and ensure timely intervention if necessary. Urologists closely collaborate with other specialists to adjust treatment plans based on disease status changes.